European Countries and Nationalities

Learn how to say the names of different European countries and nationalities in English. Below you will find:

• Names for each European country, commonly used in English (ie: I have a friend in Germany.)

• An adjective used to describe things from that particular country (ie: He wants to buy a German car.)

• A nationality adjective, used to describe the people from that country (ie: She’sh a German businesswoman.)

• A noun used to describe the inhabitant of that particular country (ie: A German asked my for directions today.)


Northern Europe


Country

Adjective

Nationality

Inhabitant

Denmark

Danish

Danish

Dane

England

English

British / English

Englishman / Englishwoman

Estonia

Estonian

Estonian

Estonian

Finland

Finnish

Finnish

Finn

Iceland

Icelandic

Icelandic

Icelander

Ireland

Irish

Irish

Irishman / Irishwoman

Latvia

Latvian

Latvian

Latvian

Lithuania

Lithuanian

Lithuanian

Lithuanian

Northern Ireland

Northern Irish

Northern Irish

Northern Irishman / Northern Irishwoman

Norway

Norwegian

Norwegian

Norwegian

Scotland

Scottish

Scottish

Scot / Scotsman / Scotswoman

Sweden

Swedish

Swedish

Swede

United Kingdom

British

British

Briton

Wales

Welsh

Welsh

Welshman / Welshwoman


Western Europe


Country

Adjective

Nationality

Inhabitant

Austria

Austrian

Austrian

Austrian

Belgium

Belgian

Belgian

Belgian

France

French

French

Frenchman / Frenchwoman

Germany

German

German

German

Netherlands

Dutch

Dutch

Dutchman / Dutchwoman

Switzerland

Swiss

Swiss

Swiss


Southern Europe


Country

Adjective

Nationality

Inhabitant

Albania

Albanian

Albanian

Albanian

Croatia

Croatian

Croatian

Croatian

Cyprus

Cypriot

Cypriot

Cypriot

Greece

Greek

Greek

Greek

Italy

Italian

Italian

Italian

Portugal

Portuguese

Portuguese

Portuguese

Serbia

Serbian

Serbian

Serbian

Slovenia

Slovenian / Slovene

Slovenian / Slovene

Slovenian / Slovene

Spain

Spanish

Spanish

Spaniard


Eastern Europe


Country

Adjective

Nationality

Inhabitant

Belarus

Belarusian

Belarusian

Belarusian

Bulgaria

Bulgarian

Bulgarian

Bulgarian

The Czech Republic

Czech

Czech

Czech

Hungary

Hungarian

Hungarian

Hungarian

Poland

Polish

Polish

Pole

Romania

Romanian

Romanian

Romanian

Russia

Russian

Russian

Russian

Slovakia

Slovak / Slovakian

Slovak / Slovakian

Slovak / Slovakian

Ukraine

Ukrainian

Ukrainian

Ukrainian